All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Five little preludes

BWV 939-943 performed by Benjamin Alard
Paushuize, Utrecht

Benjamin Alard thinks it's very important to play such little 'trifles'. Why?

Gobstoppers for beginners

Bach gave his pupils something to measure themselves against

Bach composed various works for the purpose of teaching, and he obviously enjoyed challenging beginners. In the teaching booklets for his eldest son Wilhelm Friedemann and his wife Anna Magdalena, he collected all sorts of compositions, some of which he wrote himself. In both cases, the pieces are tailored to the level of the pupil concerned, without making any concessions to musicality.
The Five little preludes are also presumed to have originated for teaching purposes, although it is not clear when Bach wrote them or for whom. The originals have been lost, while the copies date from 1726 at the earliest. From this, we can deduce that the pieces could have been composed as early as 1717, but possibly also twenty years later. The last Prelude is said to have been written by Bach in Arnstadt already. And there is some debate about whether Bach actually wrote these five preludes himself. However, few people still doubt it, if only for the fact that the pieces are included in the extremely popular beginners’ book published by Hans Bischoff in the second half of the nineteenth century, Kleine Präludien und Fughetten.
The mastery of the little pieces lies in their combination of apparent simplicity and musical richness. They can be played very nicely with little technical prowess, whereas when played by a professional they reveal a surprising depth. This allows the pieces to be used at different stages of the learning process, thus revealing different shades of colour every time, like a gobstopper.


BWV
939-943

Title
five little preludes

genre
keyboard work

year
1703 (BWV 943) and between 1717 and 1739

Stad
Arnstadt/Köthen/Leipzig

Cast & Crew

release date 12 June 2015
recording date 1 March 2015
Location Paushuize, Utrecht
Harpsichord Joel Katzman after Joannes Couchet, ca. 1650.
Harpsichordist Benjamin Alard
Film director and editor Lucas van Woerkum
MUSIC RECORDING PRODUCERS Guido Tichelman, Bastiaan Kuijt
CAMERA Robert M. Berger
CAMERA ASSISTaNTS Stef van Wijk, Uriel Matahelumual
Grip Jeroen de Haan, Thijme de Zoet
GAFFER Zen Bloot
best boy Thomas Jeninga
CONCERT production Erik van Lith
Producer Jessie Verbrugh
interview Onno van Ameijde
Acknowledgements Lex Martens and Provincie Utrecht

Vocal Texts

Original

Translation

Print

You might also like these works