BWV 854

All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

The Well-Tempered Clavier I No. 9 in E major

BWV 854 performed by Christian Rieger
at home in Cologne, Germany

"I don't think Bach intended the Well-tempered Clavier to be seen as a cycle."

A lively second

Bach added a short and simple fugue to the sweet prelude.

The prelude in E major is sweet and pastoral – mainly due to the drawn-out, tuneful melody with which the right hand opens. Beneath it, the left hand moves quietly forward, providing harmonic support and here and there some thematic comments. At the end of the exposition, Bach briefly seeks out the borders of the key with a couple of chromatic accents, but this does not disturb the sweet character of the piece. The prelude ends with an almost literal repeat of the exposition, but then transposed by a fourth.

An initial version of this prelude already appeared in the music booklet compiled by Bach for his ten-year-old son Wilhelm Friedemann. Bach probably added the fugue to it later, and included the pieces in the Wohltemperirte Clavier.

The theme of the three-part fugue is one of the shortest and simplest of the whole collection. It opens in very lively fashion with two notes, or a ‘second’, which is stressed by the rest that follows. With this little motif, Bach takes one step away from the fundamental tone of E, returning to base again after the tense rest with a run of semiquavers. However, this run does not know when to stop and forms the basic material for the continuation of the fugue.


BWV
854

title
Prelude and fugue in E major

Epithet
no. 9 from Das Wohltemperirte Clavier I

Genre
keyboard work

Series
Das Wohltemperirte Clavier I

year
1722 or earlier

city
Köthen (or Weimar?)

Cast & Crew

Release date 10 November 2017
Recording date 20 April 2017
Location Cologne, Germany
Harpsichordist Christian Rieger
Harpsichord David Sutherland (Michigan 1990) after Christian Zell (Hamburg 1728)
Director Jan Van den Bossche, Hanna Schreuders
Music recording, edit and mix Guido Tichelman
Camera and interview Gijs Besseling
Producer Jessie Verbrugh

Vocal Texts

Original

Translation

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