All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society
The Well-Tempered Clavier I No. 9 in E major
A lively second
Bach added a short and simple fugue to the sweet prelude.
The prelude in E major is sweet and pastoral – mainly due to the drawn-out, tuneful melody with which the right hand opens. Beneath it, the left hand moves quietly forward, providing harmonic support and here and there some thematic comments. At the end of the exposition, Bach briefly seeks out the borders of the key with a couple of chromatic accents, but this does not disturb the sweet character of the piece. The prelude ends with an almost literal repeat of the exposition, but then transposed by a fourth.
An initial version of this prelude already appeared in the music booklet compiled by Bach for his ten-year-old son Wilhelm Friedemann. Bach probably added the fugue to it later, and included the pieces in the Wohltemperirte Clavier (Well-Tempered Clavier).
The theme of the three-part fugue is one of the shortest and simplest of the whole collection. It opens in very lively fashion with two notes, or a ‘second’, which is stressed by the rest that follows. With this little motif, Bach takes one step away from the fundamental tone of E, returning to base again after the tense rest with a run of semiquavers. However, this run does not know when to stop and forms the basic material for the continuation of the fugue.
- Prelude and fugue in E major
- no. 9 from Das Wohltemperirte Clavier I
- keyboard work
- Das Wohltemperirte Clavier I
- 1722 or earlier
- Köthen (or Weimar?)
Cast & Crew
|Release date||10 November 2017|
|Recording date||20 April 2017|
|Harpsichord||David Sutherland (Michigan 1990) after Christian Zell (Hamburg 1728)|
|Director||Jan Van den Bossche, Hanna Schreuders|
|Music recording, edit and mix||Guido Tichelman|
|Camera and interview||Gijs Besseling|