BWV 685

All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Christ, unser Herr, zum Jordan kam

BWV 685 performed by Leo van Doeselaar
Walloon Church, Amsterdam

Leo van Doeselaar says that we must conclude that Bach was trying to illustrate the phrase “I baptise you in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost”.

Salvation through water

Contrapuntal secrets under the surface of a rippling baptismal hymn.

The Clavier-Übung, a large-scale arrangement of the most important hymns in the ecclesiastical year, would of course not be complete without baptism. For this subject, Bach naturally turned to the hymn Christ, unser Herr, zum Jordan kam, in which Luther refers to the Passion of Jesus, as well as to his baptism, in a comparison between the healing blood and the clear baptismal water.
However, this short fughetta, the second setting of this hymn in the collection, is more cloudy than clear. We seem to hear a chorale melody, but a very curious one. What is happening here? In his fughettas, Bach never felt obliged to cite the chorale in its entirety, and that is the case here. He uses only the first phrase, going straight on to present two variations: the original theme in long notes, and an altered counter-theme in short notes. The roles are reversed immediately afterwards and the whole construction is turned upside down. This forces Bach to pull out all the harmonic stops. And he continues in this vein, as after an intermezzo, we return to the ‘straight’ themes again, which are inevitably followed by their inversion... and so on. In this way, moments of tension and relaxation stream past almost intangibly, in stark contrast to the dense perpetuum mobile of BWV 684, Bach’s other setting of Christ, unser Herr, zum Jordan kam.

In Leipzig, between 1731 and 1741, Bach published four parts of Clavier-Übung, a title used previously by Johann Kuhnau, his predecessor as cantor at the Thomasschule, for similar collections of works for organ and harpsichord. The compositions are very varied in nature and, although the title suggests otherwise, were difficult to play. Bach addresses all the styles, genres and techniques for harpsichord and organ that were prevalent at the time, but then in the superior form to which only he had the patent. Clavier-Übung I (1731) contains the six partitas, BWV 825-830; Clavier-Übung II (1735) the Concerto nach italienischem Gusto, BWV 971 and the Ouverture nach französischer Art, BWV 831; and Clavier-Übung IV (1741) the Goldberg Variations, BWV 988. The largest part, Clavier-Übung III (1739), is the only one devoted to organ, containing mostly chorale arrangements, or organ preludes based on Lutheran hymns. Bach made two versions of each chorale: one for great organ and one for a smaller type of organ.


Christ, unser Herr, zum Jordan kam

organ work (chorale arrangement)

Clavier-Übung III



Cast & Crew

release date 19 June 2015
recording date 23 June 2014
LOCATION Walloon Church, Amsterdam
ORGANIST Leo van Doeselaar
Organ Christian Müller, 1734
PRODUCER Frank van der Weij
FILM DIRECTOR Jan Van den Bossche
DIRECTORS OF PHOTOGRAPHY Sal Kroonenberg, Ruben van den Broeke
Grip Antoine Petiet
FILM EDITOR Dylan Glyn Jones
COLORIST Jef Grosfeld
PRODUCTION ASSISTANTS Marco Meijdam, Zoë de Wilde
interview Onno van Ameijde

Vocal Texts




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