BWV 683

All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Vater unser im Himmelreich

BWV 683 performed by Leo van Doeselaar
Walloon Church, Amsterdam

Leo van Doeselaar about the organ register that imitates the human voice, "like a sort of synthesizer".

An odd couple

A complex, resounding ‘Our Father’ is followed by a dreamy prayer

After the ‘canonic stranglehold’ of BWV 682 (Bach’s great chorale arrangement of the Vater unser im Himmelreich with pedal), this little work using the same melody is like a fresh breeze. Without any frills or interruptions, the song is heard in the upper part, accompanied by ascending and descending motifs and sustained notes, which thus form a clear chord scheme. All in all, it is a very ‘classical’ approach that resembles that of the much older Orgelbüchlein. This seems in keeping with the idea that this arrangement dates from as early as the Weimar period and that Bach went back to it in 1739 when collecting chorale arrangements for the third part of his Clavier-Übung.
The runs may originate in the melody to ‘und willst das beten von uns hab’n’ (you wish us to pray), and indeed the music exudes an atmosphere of attention and reflection in all its straightforward simplicity.

Clavier-Übung
In Leipzig, between 1731 and 1741, Bach published four parts of Clavier-Übung, a title used previously by Johann Kuhnau, his predecessor as cantor at the Thomasschule, for similar collections of works for organ and harpsichord. The compositions are very varied in nature and, although the title suggests otherwise, were difficult to play. Bach addresses all the styles, genres and techniques for harpsichord and organ that were prevalent at the time, but then in the superior form to which only he had the patent. Clavier-Übung I (1731) contains the six partitas, BWV 825-830; Clavier-Übung II(1735) the Concerto nach italienischem Gusto, BWV 971 and the Ouverture nach französischer Art, BWV 831; and Clavier-Übung IV (1741) the Goldberg Variations, BWV 988. The largest part, Clavier-Übung III (1739), is the only one devoted to organ, containing mostly chorale arrangements, or organ preludes based on Lutheran hymns. Bach made two versions of each chorale: one for great organ and one for a smaller type of organ.


BWV
683

Title
Vater unser im Himmelreich

genre
organ work (chorale arrangement)

series
Clavier-Übung III

Year
published in 1739

City
Weimar?/Leipzig

Special notes
The arrangement based on this chorale, BWV 683a, is not by Bach himself, as the quality of the piece is not high enough.

Cast & Crew

release date 17 April 2015
recording date 23 June 2014
LOCATION Walloon Church, Amsterdam
Organ Christian Müller, 1734
ORGANIST Leo van Doeselaar
PRODUCER Frank van der Weij
FILM DIRECTOR Jan Van den Bossche
DIRECTORS OF PHOTOGRAPHY Sal Kroonenberg, Ruben van den Broeke
Grip Antoine Petiet
MUSIC PRODUCTION, EDITING AND MIX Holger Schlegel
FILM EDITOR Dylan Glyn Jones
COLORIST Jef Grosfeld
PRODUCTION ASSISTANTS Marco Meijdam, Zoë de Wilde

Vocal Texts

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Translation

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