BWV 661

All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland

BWV 661 performed by Leo van Doeselaar
Walloon Church, Amsterdam

Leo van Doeselaar pulls all the stops in the last chorale arrangement of 'Nun komm, der heiden Heiland'.

Lighting up the world

In the finale of the 'Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland' trilogy, Bach lets the light shine from all angles.

Bach had no choice but to radiate when closing his trilogy on the chorale Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, especially as the organ had to remain silent for a while following the first Sunday in Advent. After a subdued arrangement (BWV 659) and rather tormented one (BWV 660), the hopeful story was finished off, as it were, with this jubilant version. As so often in Bach’s trilogies, the chorale is given in the bass here, as the foundation of a loud plenum. For all its variety, the trilogy forms such a wonderful unity that Bach’s pupil Johann Christian Kittel used it in his own lessons as an example, and he was certainly not the only one to do so.
Before the bass introduces the melody in its full glory, Bach constructs a varied fugue. You can just make out the outlines of the choral melody in the theme, which keeps recurring in two ways: rectus (‘normal’) and inversus (in reverse – all the steps of the original melody that ascended now descend, and vice versa). This occurs for the first time just after the second chorale phrase, followed by a repeat of earlier material, which is also ‘upside down’. Above the last sentence of the chorale, we even hear the ‘upright’ and the reversed versions of the theme together, maybe in order to express the light in the phrase ‘Der Glaub’ bleibt immer im Schein’.

18 Choräle/Leipziger Choräle, BWV 651-668
In the last ten years of his life, Bach gathered together and completed a series of eighteen chorale arrangements, presumably planning to have them published, just like the third part of the Clavier-Übung in 1739. It concerns a selection of his compositions from much earlier years, when he was working as an organist in Weimar, Arnstadt and Mühlhausen. The collection became known as the 18 Choräle or Leipziger Choräle.


BWV
661

Title
Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland

genre
organ work (chorale arrangement)

Series
18 Choräle/Leipziger Choräle

Year
first version (BWV 661a) in manuscript 1714-17, manuscript BWV 661 1739-42

City
Weimar/Leipzig

Special notes
BWV 661a is an earlier version with a slightly different notation.

Cast & Crew

release date 16 January 2015
recording date 23 June 2013
LOCATION Walloon Church, Amsterdam
Organ Christian Müller, 1734
ORGANIST Leo van Doeselaar
PRODUCER Frank van der Weij
FILM DIRECTOR Jan Van den Bossche
DIRECTORS OF PHOTOGRAPHY Sal Kroonenberg, Ruben van den Broeke
Grip Antoine Petiet
MUSIC PRODUCTION, EDITING AND MIX Holger Schlegel
FILM EDITOR Dylan Glyn Jones
COLORIST Jef Grosfeld
PRODUCTION ASSISTANTS Marco Meijdam, Zoë de Wilde

Vocal Texts

Original

Translation

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