BWV 659

All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland

BWV 659 performed by Leo van Doeselaar
Walloon Church, Amsterdam

"Bach uses many more notes than necessary and he uses the entire compass of the organ right up to the highest C", Leo van Doeselaar on this special chorale arrangement.

In quiet expectation

The first of three Advent gems is thought-provoking.

The  Leipziger Choräle include two ‘trilogies’: one based on Allein Gott in der Höh’ sei Ehr (BWV 662-664), and one on the Advent hymn Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, of which BWV 659 forms the first section. (The individual works are most likely older, were not written together and are not the only ones to this melody, but the compilation Bach made in his later years is significant). Whereas Allein Gott concerns the Trinity, here it is all about Jesus, who has three roles in the catechism: sanctifier, redeemer and protector. Maybe Bach meant the first role here. Or maybe he was thinking mainly of the first verse of the hymn: ‘Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland / der Jungfrauen Kind erkannt / des sich wundert alle Welt / Gott solch Geburt ihm bestellt’.

Whatever the case, this chorale arrangement is full of mystical expectation, which is underlined by the ‘quiet’ recording of this performance. Although Bach borrowed the form from Buxtehude, in style BWV 659 would not be amiss as the middle movement of a concerto in Italian style. All the elements are present: a walking bass, a duet of middle voices (sometimes in canon and sometimes referring to the chorale melody) and a leading upper voice. In the arrangement of the melody in the upper voice, Bach goes much further than his predecessors. Each phrase grows out of the chorale into the most wonderful, spun-out coloratura. At the end of the third line of the verse, the world’s amazement is reinforced by a harmonic pause and an abrupt deceleration of the bass – everyone holding their breath – a trick often used by Bach when writing about the birth of Jesus.

18 Choräle/Leipziger Choräle, BWV 651-668
In the last ten years of his life, Bach gathered together and completed a series of eighteen chorale arrangements, presumably planning to have them published, just like the third part of the Clavier-Übung in 1739. It concerns a selection of his compositions from much earlier years, when he was working as an organist in Weimar, Arnstadt and Mühlhausen. The collection became known as the 18 Choräle or Leipziger Choräle.


BWV
659

Title
Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland

genre
organ work (chorale arrangement)

Series
18 Choräle/Leipziger Choräle

Year
1711-13/1739-42

City
Weimar/Leipzig

Special notes
BWV 659a is an earlier version, only known from copies, with a subtle difference in the upper part.

Cast & Crew

release date 2 January 2015
recording date 23 June 2013
LOCATION Walloon Church, Amsterdam
Organ Christian Müller, 1734
ORGANIST Leo van Doeselaar
PRODUCER Frank van der Weij
FILM DIRECTOR Jan Van den Bossche
DIRECTORS OF PHOTOGRAPHY Sal Kroonenberg, Ruben van den Broeke
Grip Antoine Petiet
MUSIC PRODUCTION, EDITING AND MIX Holger Schlegel
FILM EDITOR Dylan Glyn Jones
COLORIST Jef Grosfeld
PRODUCTION ASSISTANTS Marco Meijdam, Zoë de Wilde

Vocal Texts

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Translation

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