BWV 595

All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Concerto in C major

BWV 595 performed by Elske te Lindert
Bovenkerk, Kampen

"I constantly jump from one manual to another. It's often a case of hoping for the best. It's great when you get it right."

Tribute or finger exercise?

Bach used a work by his young patron as training in the Italian style.

Johann Ernst IV, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was almost fifteen when he went to study law in Utrecht. As a music-lover, he could really indulge himself in the Netherlands, where he rubbed shoulders, as it were, with one of the most important music printing presses of the world. There, he bought things like a copy of Vivaldi’s brand-new opus 3, L’Estro Armonico (Amsterdam, 1711), which Bach was later to use for his organ concertos BWV 594 and 596.

 Unfortunately, on his return to Weimar, Duke Johann Ernst did not have long to enjoy the arts of his extremely productive organist. Soon after leaving Utrecht, he developed a swelling on his leg that proved fatal in 1715, at the age of eighteen. In his own music – predominantly violin concertos – Johann Ernst was greatly inspired by Vivaldi. Telemann had heaped praise upon the noble composer when he was alive, and after his death he published a selection of his music. To be honest, though, the result paled a little alongside the Italian model. Johann Ernst’s rather schematic style concept is also reflected in Bach’s arrangement (BWV 595) of the Allegro from the Violin concerto in C major. Although the original concerto has been lost, Bach also made a complete arrangement for harpsichord, BWV 984. Despite all the repetition and the shrill harmonies, the concerto still has a festive effect, which is due to the fresh, bouncy theme and the hurried alternation between the great organ and the choir organ, which takes place far more than in any other work by Bach.


Concerto in C major

organ work (concerto)

ca. 1714


Special notes
Arrangement of the first movement of a lost violin concerto by Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. BWV 984 is an arrangement for harpsichord of the complete concerto.

Cast & Crew

release date 13 May 2016
recording date 1 October 2015
LOCATION Bovenkerk, Kampen
ORGANIST Elske te Lindert
Organ Albertus Antoni Hinsz, 1742
FILM DIRECTORS Jan Van den Bossche, Hanna Schreuders
Camera Maarten van Rossem, Gijs Besseling
Film editor Gijs Besseling
Producer Jessie Verbrugh

Vocal Texts




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