All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society
Mass in G minor
JOS VAN VELDHOVEN’S 10 FAVOURITE WORKS
This week BWV 235: Best of Bach
A tribute to “our” Jos van Veldhoven: every Friday one of the 10 favourite works of Jos van Veldhoven, who is leaving the Netherlands Bach Society after 35 years as artistic director.
Jos van Veldhoven about his favourite Mass in G minor, BWV 235: "One of Bach’s ‘small’ masses. Small because they consist only of a Kyrie and a Gloria. But each one is a little gem with fine arias and lots of beautiful and often virtuoso ensembles. Bach never performed the big Mass in B minor in its entirety, but the small masses were often performed on major feast days."
The four short Masses that Bach wrote in the 1730s are shrouded in mystery. These ‘Lutheran’ or ‘Short’ Masses are written in Latin, which is unusual for Bach, and they consist of only a Kyrie and a Gloria. What’s more, Bach compiled these Masses almost entirely of material from a small number of sacred cantatas. The Mass in G minor derives its opening from cantata 102, while the other two choruses and three arias are taken from cantatas 187 and 72. Although adjustments had to be made here and there – passages are cut out or added and the key or register is adapted – the chorus from cantata 102 has been transferred more or less intact. The three lines of text derived from Jeremiah fit amazingly well to the tripartite Kyrie-Christe-Kyrie invocation.
It does not seem too far-fetched to presume that Bach wrote these Masses to create a safe haven for some of his favourite pieces. The neutral character of a Latin Mass means it can be used on far more occasions than the one specific moment in the ecclesiastical year assigned to the cantatas written in German.
But why did Bach choose Latin for these Masses? Was he aiming to strengthen his ties with the Catholic king Augustus III in Dresden, who had just come to the throne? In any case, we know for certain that another Mass from this series, the Mass in B minor (which Bach later expanded) was dedicated to Augustus in 1733. With a little delay, Bach was indeed appointed Composer to the Dresden court in 1736. The position lent Bach a status that was to serve him well in his many conflicts with the church council in Leipzig. And with regard to creating a safe haven for his favourite pieces, Bach had also judged well. His Lutheran Masses have withstood the ravages of time, whereas much of his cantata work has been lost.
- Mass in G minor
- ‘Lutheran’ or ‘Short’ Mass
- Latin church music (mass)
- Special notes/reuse
- Compiled from music composed earlier for cantatas 102, 72 and 187.
Cast & Crew
|release date||10 April 2015|
|recording date||11 October 2014|
|Location||Grote Kerk, Naarden|
|Conductor||Jos van Veldhoven|
|ripieno soprano||Lauren Armishaw, Marjon Strijk (solo), Kristen Witmer|
|ripieno alto||Marleene Goldstein, Barnabás Hegyi|
|ripieno tenor||João Moreira, Kevin Skelton|
|ripieno bass||Matthew Baker, Jelle Draijer|
|VIOLIN 1||Shunske Sato, Anneke van Haaften, Annelies van der Vegt|
|VIOLIN 2||Sayuri Yamagata, Pieter Affourtit, Paulien Kostense|
|VIOLA||Staas Swierstra, Jan Willem Vis|
|cello||Lucia Swarts, Richte van der Meer|
|DOUBLE BASS||Robert Franenberg|
|OBOE||Martin Stadler, Peter Frankenberg|
|positive organ||Leo van Doeselaar|
|concert Production||Imke Deters, Erik van Lith, Marco Meijdam|
|ProducERS||Zoë de Wilde, Frank van der Weij|
|FILM DIRECTOR||Lucas van Woerkum|
|DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY||Sal Kroonenberg|
|CAMERA||Sal Kroonenberg, Robert Berger, Ruben van den Broeke, Benjamin Sparschuh|
|FILM EDITORS||Lucas van Woerkum, Frank van der Weij|
|MUSIC RECORDING PRODUCER||Leo de Klerk|
|BEST BOYS||Roeland van Bemmel, Patrick Galvin|
|Score reader||MaNOj Kamps|
|MUSIC RECORDING ASSISTANTS||Jaap Firet, Gilius Kreiken, Jaap van Stenis, Bobby Verbakel|
|CAMERA ASSISTaNTS||Izak de Dreu, Zino Rosmolen|
|MUSIC EDIT AND MIX||Leo de Klerk, Frank van der Weij|
|MUSIC EDIT ASSISTANT||Martijn Snoeren|
|interviews||Onno van Ameijde|
|ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS||Angela Mast, Marlo Reeders|
Gloria in excelsis Deo,
et in terra pax hominibus
Laudamus te, benedicimus te,
adoramus te, glorificamus te.
3. Aria (basso)
Gratias agimus tibi
propter magnam gloriam tuam.
Domine Deus, rex coelestis,
Deus Pater omnipotens.
4. Aria (alto)
Domine Fili unigenite,
Domine Deus, Agnus Dei,
Qui tollis peccata mundi,
5. Aria (tenore)
Qui tollis peccata mundi,
suscipe deprecationem nostram.
Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris,
Quoniam tu solus sanctus,
tu solus Dominus,
tu solus altissimus,
Cum Sancto Spiritu
in gloria Dei Patris.
Lord, have mercy
Christ, have mercy
Lord, have mercy.
Glory to God in the highest
and on earth peace to men
of good will.
We praise you, we bless you,
we worship you, we glorify you.
We give you thanks
for your great glory,
Lord God, heavenly king,
God the Father almighty.
Lord, only begotten Son,
Lord God, Lamb of God,
Son of the Father,
who takes away the sins of the world,
have mercy on us.
Who takes away the sins of the world
receive our prayer,
who sits at the right hand of the Father,
have mercy on us
since you alone are holy,
you alone are the Lord,
you alone are most high
With the Holy Spirit
in the glory of God the Father.