All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society
Mass in F Major
Bach made it difficult for himself.
“Whatever the case, this mass is a Sonderweg in Bach’s music”, says conductor Christoph Rademann. The opening, a dignified Kyrie, is written in an old style à la Palestrina. Bach composed this Kyrie in Weimar already, and in the five-voiced first version the first soprano sings the chorale melody 'Christe, du Lamm Gottes'. The words of this first version were partly in German, and it demanded great creativity to translate it into a full Latin version. The chorale melody is played by horns and oboes.
Bach anyway made it difficult for himself, as he incorporated earlier compositions into other parts as well. In the ‘Qui tollis’, for instance, we hear the originally passive oboe melody ‘Weh der Seele’ from the cantata Herr, deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben, BWV 102. As regards sentiment, this is a good match for the ‘He who bears the sins of the world’. Here, too, Bach makes many small adjustments: the alto becomes a soprano, the music as a whole is tightened up, and there are little changes to the song line, including a brief step up especially for the word ‘Qui’, where in the original there was one long note for the word ‘Weh’. For the ‘Cum sancto spiritu’, Bach used the opening section of the cantata BWV 40.
'Lutheran' Masses, BWV 233-236
The four short masses written by Bach in the 1730s, are shrouded in mystery. These ‘Lutheran’ or ‘Short’ masses are in Latin, which is unusual for Bach, and consist of only a Kyrie and a Gloria. Moreover, Bach compiled these masses almost completely from material originating from a small number of sacred cantatas. It would seem reasonable to assume that Bach was creating a safe haven for some of his favourite pieces in these masses. Because of its neutral character, a Latin mass could be used on far more occasions than the one specific moment in the ecclesiastical year for which the German cantatas were intended. But the question remains of why Bach chose Latin. Maybe he wanted these masses to help strengthen the ties with the Catholic king August III, who had just come to the throne in Dresden. In any case, we know for certain that another Mass from this series, the Mass in B minor (which Bach later expanded) was dedicated to Augustus in 1733.
- Mass in F Major
- ‘Lutheran’ or ‘Short’ mass
- Latin Church Music (Mass)
- Special notes
- Compiled from music that was composed earlier: BWV 233a, BWV 102 and BWV 40.
Cast & Crew
|Recording Date||23 January 2016|
|Release Date||21 October 2016|
|Location||Grote Kerk, Harlingen|
|Ripieno Soprano||Lauren Armishaw, Lucie Chartin|
|Ripieno alto||Barnabás Hegyi, Bart Uvyn|
|Ripieno Tenor||Daniel Johannsen, Immo Schröder, Kevin Skelton|
|Ripieno bass||Sebastian Myrus, Drew Santini|
|Violin 1||Sayuri Yamagata, Anneke van Haaften, Annelies van der Vegt|
|Violin 2||Pieter Affourtit, Hanneke Wierenga, Lidewij van der Voort|
|Viola||Staas Swierstra, Jan Willem Vis|
|Cello||Lucia Swarts, Richte van der Meer|
|Double Bass||Robert Franenberg|
|Oboe||Martin Stadler, Peter Frankenberg|
|Horn||Erwin Wieringa, Gijs Laceulle|
|Assistant director||Ferenc Soetman|
|music recording||Guido Tichelman, Bastiaan Kuijt, Micha de Kanter|
|music editor||Guido Tichelman|
|lights||Daan de Boer, Arjen Seykens|
|Camera||Bart ten Harkel, Thijs Struick, Chris Reichgelt|
|Image technique||Vincent Nugteren|
|Project manager NEP||Peter Ribbens|
|Technique||Martin Struijf, Glenn van den Eerden, Marco Korzelius|
|Data management||Jasper Blok|
|Producer concert||Marco Meijdam, Imke Deters|
|Producer film||Jessie Verbrugh|
Gloria in excelsis Deo,
et in terra pax hominibus
Laudamus te, benedicimus te,
adoramus te, glorificamus te.
Gratias agimus tibi
propter magnam gloriam tuam.
3. Arie (Bass)
Domine Deus, rex coelestis,
Deus Pater omnipotens.
Domine Fili unigenite,
Domine Deus, Agnus Dei,
4. Arie (Sopran)
Qui tollis peccata mundi,
Qui tollis peccata mundi,
suscipe deprecationem nostram.
Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris,
5. Arie (Alt)
Quoniam tu solus sanctus,
tu solus Dominus,
tu solus altissimus,
Cum Sancto Spiritu
in gloria Dei Patris.
Lord, have mercy
Christ, have mercy
Lord, have mercy.
Glory to God in the highest
and on earth peace to men
of good will.
We praise you, we bless you,
we worship you, we glorify you.
We give you thanks
for your great glory.
Lord God, heavenly king,
God the Father almighty.
Lord, only begotten Son,
Lord God, Lamb of God,
Son of the Father,
Who takes away the sins of the world,
have mercy on us.
Who takes away the sins of the world
receive our prayer,
who sits at the right hand of the Father,
have mercy on us.
Since you alone are holy,
you alone are the Lord,
you alone are most high
With the Holy Spirit
in the glory of God the Father.