All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn

BWV 132 performed by the Netherlands Bach Society conducted by Alfredo Bernardini
Walloon Church, Amsterdam

"It’s strings and strings of semiquavers, with nowhere to breathe at all” - Julia Doyle on the opening aria of this cantata.

Conductor and oboist Alfredo Bernardini discusses the different pitches that were used in Bach’s time.

Bass Dominik Wörner explains how Bach paints the contrast between good and evil.

Hot off the press

Salomo Franck’s poetry, good musicians and his new position as Konzertmeister provided Bach with fresh inspiration.

A better salary and more musical elbow room – these were the ambitions of the young Bach after barely a year as the organist at Blasiuskirche, in Mühlhausen. He had taken up the position there because of the express requirements for an organist who was good at vocal composition. But in practice, the opportunities turned out to be disappointing. Things took a turn for the better in mid-1708, however, when Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Weimar invited Bach to come and inspect the renovated organ in his court chapel. The elderly court organist there fell ill, so Bach was able to perform the inauguration recital in his place. The recital was so successful that he was immediately offered the double post of court organist and chamber musician. Here, he could work with professional musicians for the first time, which was important to Bach, as his ultimate goal was to provide ‘well-organised church music’ – for which, of course, he wanted to compose all the music himself.

All in all, it was not until 1714 that Bach was promoted to Konzertmeister and could start to make his vocal dreams come true. He then decided, however, to launch straight into compositional innovations. The emphasis shifted from formal settings of biblical texts to recitatives and da capo arias, written to new lyrics and supplemented only incidentally with a chorale. Suppliers of this new poetry included Salomo Franck, chief librarian in Weimar, who published his anthology Evangelisches Andachts-Opffer in 1715. Bach set music to many of his poems hot off the press. He used no fewer than ten of them in the year they were published, including Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn.

Three arias are alternated with two recitatives, and the work finishes off with a chorale. There are festive arias for the soprano, the alto and the bass, with a starring role for a different instrument each time. The oboe presents itself in the long opening aria and the ultra-short closing chorale. Bach gives the cello an obligato passage in the bass aria, and the alto is surrounded by dazzling notes from the violin. Both the vocal and the instrumental parts are very demanding and give an indication of the standard of the musicians with whom Bach could work in Weimar. The final movement of this cantata has not survived. The closing chorale from cantata BWV 164 is usually played in its place.


BWV
132

Title
Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn

genre
cantata

year
1715

city
Weimar

Lyricist
Salomo Franck

Occasion
Fourth Sunday in Advent

First performance
22 December 1715

Cast & Crew

Release date 19 December 2014
Recording date 7 June 2014
Location Walloon Church, Amsterdam
conductor and oboe Alfredo Bernardini
Soprano Julia Doyle
alto Tim Mead
tenor Jan Kobow
Bass Dominik Wörner
Violin 1 Shunske Sato
violin 2 Cecilia Bernardini
viola Staas Swierstra
Cello Lucia Swarts
double bass Robert Franenberg
bassoon Benny Aghassi
harpsichord Siebe Henstra
church organ Leo van Doeselaar
CONCERT production Marco Meijdam, Imke Deters
Producer Zoë de Wilde, Frank van der Weij
Film director MaNOj Kamps, Onno van Ameijde, Jasper Verkaart
DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY Sal Kroonenberg
CAMERA Jorrit Garretsen, Joris Kerbosch, Sal Kroonenberg
FILM EDITORS Jasper Verkaart, MaNOj Kamps, Frank van der Weij
MUSIC RECORDING PRODUCER Leo de Klerk
GAFFER Harm Bredero, Alban Riphagen
MUSIC RECORDING ASSISTANTS Jaap Firet, Pim van der Lee, Jaap van Stenis, Bobby Verbakel
MAKE UP Marloes Bovenlander, Jamila el Bouch
CAMERA ASSISTaNT Izak de Dreu
MUSIC EDIT AND MIX Leo de Klerk, Frank van der Weij
MUSIC EDIT aNd MIX ASSSISTANT Martijn Snoeren
Colorist Marlieke Kasten
Acknowledgements Nienke Meuleman

Vocal Texts

Original

1. Arie (Sopran)

Bereitet die Wege,
bereitet die Bahn!
Bereitet die Wege
und machet die Stege
im Glauben und Leben
dem Höchsten ganz eben,
Messias kömmt an!

2. Rezitativ (Tenor)

Willst du dich Gottes Kind
und Christi Bruder nennen,
so müssen Herz und Mund
den Heiland frei bekennen.
Ja, Mensch, dein ganzes Leben
muss von dem Glauben Zeugnis geben!
Soll Christi Wort und Lehre
auch durch dein Blut versiegelt sein,
so gib dich willig drein!
Denn dieses ist der Christen
Kron und Ehre.
Indes, mein Herz, bereite
noch heute
dem Herrn die Glaubensbahn
und räume weg die Hügel und die Höhen,
die ihm entgegen stehen!
Wälz ab die schweren Sündensteine,
nimm deinen Heiland an,
dass er mit dir im Glauben sich vereine!

3. Arie (Bass)

Wer bist du? Frage dein Gewissen,
da wirst du sonder Heuchelei,
ob du, o Mensch, falsch oder treu,
dein rechtes Urteil hören müssen.
Wer bist du?
Frage das Gesetze,
das wird dir sagen, wer du bist,
ein Kind des Zorns in Satans Netze,
ein falsch und heuchlerischer Christ.

4. Rezitativ (Alt)

Ich will, mein Gott, dir frei heraus bekennen,
ich habe dich bisher nicht recht bekannt.
Ob Mund und Lippen gleich dich Herrn und Vater nennen,
hat sich mein Herz doch von dir abgewandt.
Ich habe dich verleugnet mit dem Leben!
Wie kannst du mir ein gutes
Zeugnis geben?
Als, Jesu, mich dein Geist und Wasserbad
gereiniget von meiner Missetat,
hab ich dir zwar stets feste Treu versprochen;
Ach! aber ach! der Taufbund ist gebrochen.
Die Untreu reuet mich!
Ach Gott, erbarme dich,
ach hilf, dass ich mit unverwandter Treue
den Gnadenbund im Glauben stets erneue!

5. Arie (Alt)

Christi Glieder, ach bedenket,
was der Heiland euch geschenket
durch der Taufe reines Bad!
Bei der Blut- und Wasserquelle
werden eure Kleider helle,
die befleckt von Missetat.
Christus gab zum neuen Kleide
roten Purpur, weisse Seide,
diese sind der Christen Staat.

6. Choral

Ertödt uns durch deine Güte;
erweck uns durch deine Gnad;
den alten Menschen kränke,
dass der neu' leben mag
wohl hie auf dieser Erden,
den Sinn und all Begehrden
und G'danken habn zu dir.

Translation

1. Aria 

Prepare the ways, 
prepare the path! 
Prepare the ways 

and level the paths 
of faith and life 
for the Highest; 
the Messiah draws nigh! 

2. Recitative 

If you will call yourself a child of God
 
and Christ’s own brother,
 
you must freely acknowledge the Saviour 
in your heart and mouth.
 
Yea, throughout your life
 
you must give testimony of your faith!
 
If Christ’s own words and teaching
 
are to be sealed through your blood too, 
then accept this gladly!
 
For this is the Christian’s 
crown and glory. 
Meanwhile, my heart, prepare
 
even today 
the way of faith to the Lord,
 
and remove the hills and the mountains 
which stand in the way!
 
Roll back the heavy stones of sin,
 
receive your Saviour,
 
that He may be united with you in faith! 

3. Aria 

Who are you? Question your conscience, 
you shall have to, without hypocrisy, 
hear your impartial sentence,
 
whether you are false or true.
 
Who are you? 
Consult the Commandments, 
they will tell you who you are,
 
a child of wrath in Satan’s clutches, 

a false and hypocritical Christian. 

4. Recitative 

I shall, my God, confess 
to Thee openly, 
I have till now not known Thee properly. 
Although my mouth and lips 

have called Thee Lord 
and Father, 
my heart has turned away from Thee. 

I have denied Thee by my life!
 
How canst Thou speak well of me?
 
O Jesus, when Thy spirit and the water 
cleansed me from my misdeeds, 
I did in truth swear constant faith to Thee;
 
alas! but alas! baptism’s bond has been broken.
 
I rue my faithlessness.
 
O God, be merciful! 
Help me, that with steadfast fidelity
 
I may ever renew through faith the covenant of Grace! 

5. Aria 

Members of Christ, ah consider
 
what the Saviour has given you 
through baptism’s unsullied water! 
Through the springs of blood and water 
your clothes have been cleansed, 
that had been stained by sin. 
Christ gave you new clothes, 
dressed you in crimson and white silk, 
such is a Christian’s finery. 

6. Chorale 

Mortify us through Thy goodness, 
awaken us through Thy grace; 
chasten in us the old man,
 
that the new may live 
here upon this earth, 
turning his mind and desires 
and his thoughts toThee.

Print

You might also like these works