BWV 1045

All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Sinfonia in D major

BWV 1045 performed by the Netherlands Bach Society conducted by Shunske Sato
Waalse Kerk, Amsterdam

"We're being presented with our own bias towards the old Johann Sebastian."

Painting while playing the violin

This long-drawn-out movement almost resembles minimal music.

This sinfonia is possibly one of Bach’s most surprising compositions. According to the manuscript, it is an ‘Intrada’, an instrumental introduction to what was probably a festive cantata. However, there is no trace whatsoever of the vocal parts. This Sinfonia in D major is therefore doomed to remain an independent instrumental movement. The work’s exuberant instrumentation includes three trumpets and timpani, as well as a special part for a solo violin. The continual figurations in the lively violin part lend the music an almost hypnotic character. You could maybe even class it as an early forerunner of minimal music. Bach regularly brings the harmonic progression to a halt. Violinist Shunske Sato even calls it “shameless virtuosity”. The way in which Bach notated the violin part with arpeggios – chords that are not written out in full – offers great scope for freedom. “It’s as if you’re painting while playing the violin”, says Shunske Sato.


Sinfonia in D major

cantata (cantata movement)

dating of autograph ca. 1735-1746


First performance

Special notes
This work has survived in a manuscript, in which it is called Intrada o Concerto. The complete score is described as: Concerto, a 4 Voci. 3 Trombe, Tamburi, 2 Hautb, Violino Con[certato], 2 Violini, Viola e Cont[inuo]. This would seem to indicate that it is the introduction to a cantata.

Cast & Crew

Release date 9 March 2018
Recording date 13 May 2017
Location Walloon Church, Amsterdam
Violin and direction Shunske Sato
violin 1 Anneke van Haaften, Annelies van der Vegt
violin 2 Sayuri Yamagata, Pieter Affourtit, Paulien Kostense
viola Staas Swierstra, Jan Willem Vis
cello Lucia Swarts, Richte van der Meer
double bass Hen Goldsobel
oboe Martin Stadler, Peter Frankenberg
Bassoon Benny Aghassi
trumpet Robert Vanryne, Fruzsina Hara, Mark Geelen
timpani Robert Kendell
organ Leo van Doeselaar
harpsichord Siebe Henstra
Director Bas Wielenga
Music recording Guido Tichelman, Bastiaan Kuijt, Pim van der Lee
Music edit and mix Guido Tichelman
Camera Jochem Timmerman, Thijs Struick, Martin Struijf
Lights Zen Bloot, Henry Rodgers, Patrick Galvin
Assistant director Ferenc Soeteman
Video engineer Robert-Jan Neijland
Set technique Justin Mutsaers
Data handling Jesper Blok
Project manager NEP Peter Ribbens
Interview Onno van Ameijde, Marloes Biermans
Producer concert Marco Meijdam, Imke Deters
Producer film Jessie Verbrugh

Vocal Texts




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