All of Bach: a project by the Netherlands Bach Society

Cello Suite No. 3 in C major

BWV 1009 performed by Reinier Wink
The Loft, Amsterdam

Portrait of Reinier Wink, student of Netherlands Bach Society cellist Lucia Swarts.

Cocky self-assurance

Does this suite symbolise young adulthood?

What a wonderfully optimistic opening. Like a playful puppy, the cellist races down a scale, from a high C to one lower, and then takes a diversion down another octave to the lowest open C string. After the dark Cello Suite no. 2, this Cello Suite no. 3 in C major is a continuation of the good-humoured tone of no. 1, although its mood is one of even cockier self-assurance. Cellist Colin Carr sees the six suites as “Bach’s children at various stages of life”. Could no. 3 symbolise an overconfident student? Cellist Reinier Wink, the student of Bach Society cellist Lucia Swarts, who recorded this cello suite for All of Bach, thinks that in any case the key of C major suits his own stage of life, saying “young people are simply more often cheerful”.
After the clear beginning of the Prelude, Bach starts playing a game with the listener, by apparently shifting the first beat of the bar, for example. There is a wonderful pedal point two-thirds of the way through the piece, where Bach places a whole series of modulations above a sustained dominant G.
The Allemande has a light-hearted character, and with its many strong accents is one of the least refined allemandes in the six suites. Like the Prelude, the jumpy Courante starts with a descending scale at full galop. Things calm down in the Sarabande, a slow court dance with the accent on the second beat. Like many sarabandes in the cello suites, this one in Cello Suite no. 3 is characterised by many double stops and broken chords over all the strings. It is in stark contrast to the apparent simplicity of the Bourrée, with a slightly oriental-sounding Bourrée II in C minor. And the closing Gigue raises the roof, of course, with the cellist alternating big leaps with short sprints.

Six Cello Suites
The Six Cello Suites by Johann Sebastian Bach belong to the Old Testament of cello literature. Every cellist who looks at the music immediately feels how naturally the notes are draped around the strings of the instrument. Yet there are many questions and discussions about these Suites a Violoncello Solo senza Basso. Did Bach really write the music for cello, or at least for cello alone? And when did he write it? At the court at Cöthen or earlier? The suites follow a path from simplicity to increasing virtuosity.


BWV
1009

Title
Cello Suite no. 3 in C major

Genre
chamber music (solo work)

Series
Six cello suites

Year
between 1717 and 1723

City
Cöthen

Cast & Crew

release date 20 April 2018
recording date 8 October 2017
location The Loft, Amsterdam
Cellist Reinier Wink
Directors Gijs Besseling, Leonard Besseling
Editor Leonard Besseling
Music recording Guido Tichelman, Pim van der Lee
Music edit and mix Guido Tichelman
Camera Danny Noordanus, Gijs Besseling
Lights Daan de Boer
Lighting assistant Denny Schoute
Camera assistant and data handling Eline Eestermans
Interview Leonard Besseling
Camera interview Gijs Besseling, Danny Noordanus
Sound interview Noah Pepper
Editor interview Gijs Besseling
Lights interview Danny Noordanus
Production Jessie Verbrugh
Supported by Ammodo

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